If you aren't familiar with promises as a concept then you have two choices: a) follow instructions and use the code to get a desired effect, without a deep understandign of why it works, or b) brush up: https://www.promisejs.org/

There are many prominent libraries that implement the concept of a promise. Our favorite in this tutorial will be bluebird.

To install this module, run the commands:

$ cd ~/workspace/loopback-zero-to-hero
$ npm install --save --save-exact bluebird

in the terminal now.

The really really long running discussion around adding support for promises within loopback server side code and the changelogs, let us draw the following semi-sure conclusions:

a) If you are running on Node.js version 0.10.x, then you need to add the following line to the top of your main server/server.js file to tell LoopBack which Promise implementation to use: global.Promise = require('bluebird');

b) Version 2.19.0 of loopback-datasource-juggler was the first version to add Promises to DAO.

c) Version 2.24.0 of loopback-datasource-juggler was the first version that added further by promisifying model relation methods.

d) In package.json we use Version 2.32.0 of loopback-datasource-juggler, its sufficient to say that the CRUD methods for models and relatedModels now use promises ... but something like UserModel.login() still does not!

e) Let us promisify what the framework hasn't. Open user-model.js and update it:

var Promise = require('bluebird');

module.exports = function(UserModel) {

  // https://github.com/strongloop/loopback/issues/418
  // once a model is attached to the data source
  UserModel.on('dataSourceAttached', function(obj){
    // wrap the whole model in Promise
    // but we need to avoid 'validate' method
    UserModel = Promise.promisifyAll(
        filter: function(name, func, target){
          return !( name == 'validate');


f) Next, create 03-login-users.js: touch ~/workspace/loopback-zero-to-hero/server/boot/03-login-users.js

g) Then add the following to 03-login-users.js:

'use strict';
var Promise = require('bluebird');

// to enable these logs set `DEBUG=server:boot:03-login-users` or `DEBUG=server:boot:*`
var path = require('path');
var fileName = path.basename(__filename, '.js'); // gives the filename without the .js extension
var log = require('debug')('server:boot:'+fileName);

module.exports = function(app) {
    var UserModel = app.models.UserModel;
    var commentsIndex = 0;
            {username: 'admin', password: 'admin'}
        ).tap(function(accessToken) { // create a default/empty report for merchant1
            log('(' + (++commentsIndex) + ') ' + 'created', 'AccessToken', JSON.stringify(accessToken, null, 2));
            log('(' + (++commentsIndex) + ') ' + 'logged in w/ token ' + accessToken.id);



Note the use of UserModel.loginAsync() and .tap(), both of which are made possible by the use of bluebird |||

h) Now run and observe the logs:

$ DEBUG=server:boot:*,boot:02-load-users node .

Browse your REST API at
Web server listening at:

  server:boot:01-seed-data Its alive! +0ms
  boot:02-load-users Creating roles and users +2ms
  boot:02-load-users created role +499ms admin
  boot:02-load-users found user +1ms admin
  boot:02-load-users created role +2ms users
  boot:02-load-users found user +1ms user
  server:boot:03-login-users (1) created +3ms AccessToken {
  "id": "iumwgdnjmkavYYADlYF5miDA0d1pFWf13Dlzgvm7p9ptkRihSIi9PwkDJxtsc97H",
  "ttl": 1209600,
  "created": "2015-07-05T02:49:10.961Z",
  "userId": 2
  server:boot:03-login-users (2) logged in w/ token iumwgdnjmkavYYADlYF5miDA0d1pFWf13Dlzgvm7p9ptkRihSIi9PwkDJxtsc97H +0ms

i) You can now use the access token spat out in the log lines: logged in w/ token ... where long strings like: iumwgdnjmkavYYADlYF5miDA0d1pFWf13Dlzgvm7p9ptkRihSIi9PwkDJxtsc97H represent an accessToken.

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